Eat more root vegetables after cold dew
Since ancient times, the idea of “the unity of nature and man” has been reflected in every angle of life.
The changes in the 24 solar terms are also affecting the people’s clothing, food, housing, and travel.
Ancient people cloud: eat spring flowers, eat leaves in summer, eat fruits in autumn, eat roots in winter.
Radish, lotus root, potato, yam and other “root vegetables”, list other vegetables, pesticide residues are reduced, often safer.
銆€銆€In the autumn and winter seasons, the season’s root vegetables are listed in large quantities. At this time, the root vegetables are fresh, the price is cheap, and they are also resistant to storage. Therefore, the autumn and winter seasons are a good time to eat root vegetables.
Let’s take a look at the nutrition of common root vegetables.
銆€銆€The radish saying: “Winter radish eats ginger in summer, and does not need a doctor to prescribe a prescription for one year.”
Radish, known as the “small ginseng” in ethnic minority folks, can be said to be one of the best in autumn and winter.
Raw food can not only help digestion, increase appetite, but also greasy, digestion and gas; if it is replaced with other foods, it also has different effects.
There are many varieties of radish, such as white skin, red skin, green skin, red heart, white heart, and round, long and other varieties, but this does not include carrots.
It is suitable for both cooked and cooked foods. It has a spicy taste and a mild taste. It has a high nutritional value and medicinal value.
In order to praise the radish, the poets of the Yuan Dynasty wrote such a verse, “The cooked food is like a glutinous rice, and it is crispy like a pear.”
At the same time, the famous medical scientist Li Shizhen also strongly praised the radish. The so-called every meal must be eaten. He mentioned in the “Compendium of Materia Medica” that radish can “big qi, eliminate the valley and the middle, and remove the evil heat.”
銆€銆€Radish has a unique spicy taste, raw food can help digestion, stomach and digestion, increase appetite, eat meat and other greasy food, raw radish can be relieved and refreshing to make the abdomen comfortable; when eating sweet potato stomach full of heartburn, rawRadish or chewy salty radish can be eaten by the gas.
At the same time, raw radish can also promote bile secretion and help digestion.
銆€銆€In addition, radish is one of the main raw materials for pickles, kimchi, and dried. The nutrients include glucose, sucrose, fructose, polypentose, crude fiber, vitamin C, minerals and a small amount of crude protein, and also contain various amino acids.
銆€銆€It is worth mentioning that people are used to peeling radish skin when eating radish. As everyone knows, 98% of the calcium contained in radish is in the radish skin. Therefore, it is best to eat radish with skin.
Of course, radishes are good, but they are also taboo when eating.
Because the radish is sweet and sweet, so the spleen and stomach are cold, and those who are not eating or weak should eat less; the radish is broken, the ginseng, the raw and cooked, the Polygonum multiflorum and other tonics should not be eaten, otherwise it will affect the efficacy.
In addition, because eating raw radish gas production splits, it is also unfavorable for ulcer disease, so patients with such diseases should eat less.
銆€銆€Yam at the Beijing Olympics, the amazing speed of Jamaican athlete Bolt, let people speculate on the source of their abundant physical fitness.
The reason why this son can run so fast, “flying man” Bolt’s father Wellesley Bolt most wants to thank, is the yam of his hometown.
In Bolt’s home, Trilloni, thousands of pounds of yam are exported every year.
“He grew up eating yam, and yam made him the power of today.
銆€銆€Yam is both a traditional Chinese medicine and a gourmet food. It is a nourishing treasure that everyone is familiar with.
Studies have shown that the content of B vitamins in Chinese yam is several times that of rice, and the potassium content in minerals is extremely rich.
More importantly, yam is rich in a variety of biologically active ingredients, including yam polysaccharides, mucin, saponins, allantoin, dehydroepiandrosterone and so on.
銆€銆€Jia Shiqi and others from the Henan Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine found that the low expansion of yam has a good immune enhancement effect.
The bioactive substances in yam have a good anti-aging effect, which can improve the proliferation ability of animal immune cells and delay thymic aging.
銆€銆€Yam mucus protein can improve the immune function of animals and improve cardiovascular function. The dehydroepiandrosterone contained in Chinese yam also has various functions such as enhancing immune function, improving memory, calming and sleeping, delaying muscle and muscle aging, and preventing arteriosclerosis.Aging effect.
銆€銆€Mannan in yam is a hemicellulose that can be dissolved in water. It can be swelled 80-100 times. After eating, it will become larger in the stomach and prone to satiety. The mucin will reduce blood plasma.To prevent lipid deposition in the cardiovascular system and to prevent arteriosclerosis.
銆€銆€In addition, yam has an adjuvant effect on diabetes, in addition to easy to produce satiety, which is conducive to control the amount of food, nectar supplement also has the function of improving glucose metabolism and improving insulin sensitivity.
Because of the high starch content in yam, it is best to use yam instead of a portion of the staple food when eating yam, which is to reduce the amount of staple food, especially for diabetics, so as to avoid the problem of excess energy.
銆€銆€Blue indigo is also called Wang Manqing, straight lotus, mustard head, is a kind of cabbage, the scientific name is the bulb cabbage.
Indigo is a vegetable between kohlrabi and cabbage. The leaves are smooth and tender, the stems are swollen into a spherical shape, and there are obvious leaf marks. The outer skin is green, white or purple, and cultivated in spring and autumn.
Blue can be used for frying and can be mixed with raw food. I remember when I was a child, every winter, I would buy some indigo in my home, especially in the era when the food was lacking in boring. In winter, a small plate of indigo silk was crisp and refreshing, and the taste was endless.
It is rich in vitamin C, up to 41 mg per 100 grams, much higher than apples, pears, grapes and other fruits. Indigo also contains a lot of potassium, which is very beneficial to the human body.銆€銆€Chinese medicine believes that it is cool and sweet, with wide chest, stop phlegm, cough, hangover and reduce fire, clearing the effect of clearing the eye.
Taking it with fresh juice, it has a therapeutic effect on stomach diseases. Eating long indigo can also promote the healing of stomach and duodenal ulcer.
銆€銆€During the Xianfeng period of the Qing Dynasty, the lotus root was appointed as a royal tribute.
Because of the homonym with “even”, folk custom ceremonies wish a happy marriage, and because of its sludge, it is not dyed, and the lotus is a symbol of clean and high personality.
The cockroach is the bulk of the underground stem of the lotus root, and the lotus root belongs to the family of Nymphaeaceae.
Lotus roots are mainly distributed in the Yangtze River Basin and the southern provinces in autumn, how to harvest in winter and early spring.
銆€銆€It has short cracks, thick and smooth outer skin, grayish white or silver gray, white inside; the central part of the joint is enlarged, and there are several holes with different sizes inside, which are separated by left and right symmetry; the body is heavier and the quality is crisp and tender.
Lotus roots cultivated in summer can be divided into two categories: the first category is the cockroach species.
Its rhizome is relatively large, the skin is white, the meat is crisp and tender, the taste is sweet, the yield is high, and there are not many lotus seeds. The second type is lotus seed, the lotus is small, the meat is slightly gray, the quality is poor, but the result is many, mainly picking.Collect lotus seeds.
It is mainly used as a vegetable for consumption.
Lotus root, slightly sweet and crisp, very refreshing, can be eaten raw food can also be cooked, and the value of vitamins is quite high, is the old and young women, the weak and sick people on the good food and nourishing Jiazhen.
銆€銆€钘?mainly has the following therapeutic effects: clearing heat and cooling blood: lotus roots for sexual cold, heat and cooling blood, can be used to treat heat diseases; lotus root sweet and sour liquid, thirst for fever, blood stasis, hemoptysis, blood dropEspecially beneficial.
銆€銆€Laxative diarrhea, spleen appetizer: lotus root contains mucus protein and substituted fiber, which can be combined with cholesterol in the body, cholesterol and triglyceride in food, can be discharged from the feces, thus reducing the absorption of lipids.
Lotus root exudes a unique fragrance, also contains a high quality, has a certain spleen and diarrhea, can increase appetite, promote digestion, appetite and health, good for poor appetite, loss of appetite to restore health.
銆€銆€Yixuesheng muscle: The nutritional value of alfalfa is very high, rich in iron, calcium and other trace elements, plant protein, vitamin and starch content is also very rich, there is obvious replenishing qi and blood, enhance the body’s immunity.
Therefore, Chinese medicine called it: “The main supplement to raise the spirit, benefit the strength.”
銆€銆€Hemostasis: It contains a lot of tannic acid, which has the function of contracting blood vessels and can be used to stop bleeding.
It can also cool blood and loose blood. Chinese medicine believes that it stops bleeding without leaving sputum. It is a therapeutic food for heat sickness.
銆€銆€In addition, Pan Ling and Li Deliang of the Natural Medicine Research Institute of Yunnan Baiyao Group Co., Ltd. evaluated the effects of slag, scorpion and axillary bud on the weight and slight reduction of adult diabetic rats.
Through experiments, it was found that scorpion and axillary buds have the effect of reducing the body weight of rats; the amount of feces in the abdominal cavity also showed a decreasing trend; the sacral section can also significantly prevent the increase of blood insulin in the model of nutritional obesity rats and improve its sensitivity index.
This experiment suggests that sputum is helpful in preventing diabetes and diabetes.
銆€銆€In the “Guide to China’s Residents’ Population” prepared by the China Nutrition Association of China, the second article recommended that the people “eat more vegetables, fruits and potatoes.”
Among the top ten health foods recommended by the US Department of Agriculture a few years ago, potatoes are also among the best.
銆€銆€Usually potato products include potatoes, sweet potatoes, taro and so on.
Many people mention that potatoes are not worth much in addition to a large amount of starch.
In fact, although the content of potato starch is higher than that of ordinary vegetables, they are genuine low-fat high-fiber foods.
There is almost no fat in the potato, and the supplement fiber is very rich, which has a good effect on promoting the peristalsis of the nitrate channel and preventing constipation.
Moreover, potato is a typical high-potassium and low-sodium food, and its high potassium content makes many fruits self-sufficient.
For the vitamins, the potato contains at least no vitamin C in the roots, and is rich in a variety of B vitamins. The polyphenols in the potato also have good antioxidant and prevent cardiovascular diseases.
銆€銆€However, if you want to take advantage of potatoes, it is best to use them as staple foods.
When it is eaten as a staple food, it is not necessary to add salt or sugar, and it is not necessary to add oil. It can exert its own nutritional advantages.
At the same time, as a staple food, potato is proportional to rice white noodles, blood sugar rises slowly, and has a strong satiety effect, which can help prevent diabetes and diabetes, and also help control blood pressure.
By replacing the grain with potato, the total amount of starch per day will not increase, and it may decrease. The vitamin intake will increase greatly, the fiber will be more, and the minerals will be increased. To improve the nutritional quality of the day,Great help.